The Armstrong Pipemaking Family

Elizabethan portraits showed gentlemen never ladies hoisting long-stemmed, small-bowled white pipes. In time, the wealthy moved to Meerschaum and briar wood pipes, but the clay variety remained the choice of the working class and in the provinces, and clay pipes are a common find in American archaeology. How do you know if you have one? Look for the distinguishing characteristics of a clay pipe. First, clay pipes tend to be one piece and without a removable stem. Regardless, if the bowl and stem are a single piece, it is likely a clay pipe. Inspect the finish of the bowl. If it is clearly painted then you have a clay pipe. Meerschaum was valued for its white ivory-like finish and wooden bowls were rarely painted; rather, they were carved and stained.

Put This in Your Pipe and Smoke it : An Evaluation of Tobacco Pipe Stem Dating Methods

Introduction The history of Ireland is an old and honorable one; steeped in warfare, family, racial and religious traditions. No other country can compete in comparison. However, the first couple of millennia of Irish history have no relevance to this dating guide. Should you wish to read more on the history of the Irish, I recommend “The Story of the Irish Race” by Seumas MacManus who gives a very vivid, and near as we can tell, an accurate portrayal of their history.

Clay pipe bowls can be dated with some certainty according to their shape, size and decoration, and with even more accuracy if they feature a maker’s-mark on the ‘heel’, the protrusion under the bowl.

The tiny cocker spaniel was trapped in a waste pipe for nearly four hours after Daniel Blair, four, decided he ‘needed a wash’ and put him in a toilet before pulling the chain. Amid frantic attempts to rescue the pet, a drainage company had to be called in after firefighters and the RSPCA failed to free him. Eventually, using specialist camera gear, the firm managed to locate the puppy who was stuck some 20 yards from the house.

Week-old cocker spaniel Dyno was trapped in the pipe for four hours and was found using specialist camera equipment before he was pulled clear Trapped: The puppy was nudged along the pipe to a manhole with the camera until he could be grabbed by a firefighter He was then gently nudged towards a manhole cover before being plucked to safety.

The dog has since been named Dyno after his rescuers Dyno-Rod, the drainage firm who came to his rescue. His ordeal began after Daniel’s twin brother Nicky took him out for a walk in the garden of their house in Northolt, Middlesex. Their mother Alison, 40, told the Daily Mirror: I assumed it was dead. I went into the garden, managed to lift up the drain cover and was amazed to hear him crying. Daniel Blair, 4, pictured with Dyno-Rod engineer Will Craig and Dyno the puppy, accidentally flushed his pet down the toilet after trying to give him a wash Dyno-Rod worker Will Craig, 22, from Harrow, was called in and initially thought it was some kind of prank.

After arriving at the scene, he used specialist camera equipment to find the dog and nudge him towards a manhole cover and safety.


These unusual figures have been formed from multiple material types including stone, clay, shell, wood and bone. These figures have been discovered in the shapes of human faces or full figures and various types of animals, including birds, turtles, canines and bears Kent Effigy objects were used as pendants, tobacco pipes, ceramic vessels, and other utilitarian or ceremonial objects.

As seen with other sacred objects, archaeologists have discovered effigies purposefully buried separately or with human or animal remains. This was possibly done after the object was broken or no longer needed by the owner as a way to prevent illness and misfortune from affecting the living Kraft Only a small number of effigies have been uncovered in Maryland.

As clay pipes are commonly used for dating this will be the first theme to be scrutinised in chapter five. The provenance of pipe products will be interesting to explore as.

Artifacts as time markers Pipe stem dating The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. Historical archeologists excavating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites. In the s J. Harrington studied the thousands of pipe stems excavated at Jamestown and other colonial Virginia sites, noticing a definite relationship between the diameter of the pipe stem bore—or hole—and the age of the pipe of which it had been part.

This change in diameter may have occurred because pipe stems became longer through time, requiring a smaller bore. Louis Binford later devised a mathematical formula to refine Harrington’s method Deetz

The Pottery and Clay Tobacco Pipe Industries

This particular fragment was part of a clay pipe fashioned by Hendrik Gerdes, a Dutch pipe maker, as his initials can be found on the heel of the pipe. Although a seemingly mundane object, this pipe gives us particular insight on colonial life in the Hudson Valley. The particular piece s , was discovered by Professor Diamond and his team at Historic Huguenot Street on September 18, But, of course with the passage of time, the outside has become jaded.

17th century clay ‘tobacco’ pipes from Europe In a recent issue of Country Life, Mark Griffiths 1 renews interest in John Gerard’s Herbal 2, published in as a botanical book which includes engraved images of several people in the frontispiece.

Making a clay tobacco pipe Text not yet fully proofread While reading a discussion on clay tobacco pipes, I decided, for no very good reason, to try my hand at making one myself. Ceramics, having been an occasional hobby for the last 20 years means that I has some of the basic knowledge and tools to make an attempt -or at least get myself into trouble.

This post chronicles my effort. Two videos available on the internet here , and here , and many photos of historic pipes, were helpful starting points. Be careful of clay pipes, don’t do this to your teeth! Photo from the Smithsonian Institution , link here. Pictured below are my first attempts at getting a usable “master pipe” to construct the mold. It quickly became clear that I was not going to be able to produce a smooth and round stem without having it mangled while refining the bowl.

The stems were therefore extruded, in what amounts to a large caulk gun with replaceable dies. First batch of prototypes, extruded stems on the left. Selected prototypes and protopipes with extruded stems attached to the bowls. Note the spurs have not yet been added.

Chesapeake pipes

Very Full Pleasant to Tolerable Grouse-Moor is a very often maligned tobacco and this is simply not fair. It is a carefully produced blend of the finest ingredients and a consistent blending tradition going back over two hundred years. I would proffer that the reason so many would thumb their noses at it is because it is the sort of blend that we serious pipemen are told to shy away from because it is not laden with manly amounts of Latakia or smoky stoved Virginia.

The Amsterdam Pipe Museum (formerly Dutch: Pijpenkabinet, “pipe cabinet”) is a museum in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, dedicated to smoking pipes, tobacco, and related paraphernalia. It holds the national reference collection (nl) in these areas.

Pipe bowl style attributed to Barnstaple dating Grant and Jemmett Mark identified as Peter Stephens, Barnstaple pipemaker took app. Several exact marks and bowls found during excavations of a 17th century planters house in Renews See Mills Pipe was likely manufactured in London. Bowl dated Cheminant Richard Cole ; Roger Clare m. Dated from Pope

The Art and Archaeology of Clay Pipes

References – Pipe makers’ marks The clay tobacco pipe is an exceptional tool for dating archaeological sites from the historic period because it has undergone a series of stylistic changes over its history of production. The importance of these stylistic changes becomes apparent when one considers that the fragile nature and inexpensive cost of clay pipes resulted in their being smoked, broken and discarded all within the period of a year or two.

A large part of the research on clay pipes has dealt with the identification of marks with which makers identified their product.

Evolution of clay tobacco pipes in England Clay tobacco pipes were made in England shortly after the introduction of tobacco Dating pipes There are a number of techniques suggested: Adrian Oswald, – a typology based on the progression in bowl shape. C. () The clay tobacco pipe industry in Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire.

South Dakota Historical Collections New England History 30 June: North Dakota History 21 4: River Basin Surveys Paper Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin State Historical Society of North Dakota. Michigan Archaeologist 10 2: Master’s thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. A Study in Historical Archeology. American Antiquity 19 4:

Puppy survives after boy accidentally flushes him down the toilet while washing him

While far from exhaustive, this small book offers many helpful tips on pipe making with minimal tooling. The Dan Pipe Hobby Catalog has some good basic information as well. Because some ultra high grade pipes sell for thousands of dollars, it is tempting for the uninitiated to think they may be able to get rich making pipes, or at least make a decent living.

Relatively few pipe makers make their primary living as pipe makers, and it is a very small handful of pipe makers that sell in the upper price ranges. Those that do have unusual talents or gifts and have dedicated a great deal of time developing them.

Armstrong smokers clay tobacco pipes were made in cast iron moulds at Middlesbrough. Return to SatCure index page. The Armstrong Pipemaking Family “Snobs Scorn The Clay Pipe — Church Warden Out of Fashion” Copy of a newspaper article dated April Dying Industry.

This is a guest post from AoM reader Jason Mills. I can remember visiting my best friend when I was younger. It was fun to get together and have adventures like boys do, but one thing I really, really liked was his dad. His dad was an old farm man and looked like it from the weather-beaten lines on his face to his calloused hands. He was quiet spoken and loved smoking his pipe.

Since my dad was a non-smoker, this fact really intrigued me as a young boy. He always smelled like pipe tobacco Sir Walter Raleigh and now, whenever I smell that brand, I always think of him. Maybe you saw him smoking his pipe in quiet contentment and enjoyed that manly smell as I did. Well, pipe smoking is as much ritual as it is relaxation. Then, the whoosh of the match followed by that wonderful, aromatic smell.

Frequency and Dating of White Clay Tobacco Pipes from a Trash Pit at Abell’s Wharf, Maryland

When I first opened a tin of this, and took a huge sniff at the midnight-dark contents, my head reeled, and I experienced something approaching fear! The huge Latakia smokiness was there, richer than I had ever smelt it before, but stronger than this was a mysterious fermented, almost yeast-like smell. I can only compare it to smelling one of those powerful cheeses that one can find in Brno, in the Czech republic. A very savoury scent, stong and intimidating. I like these cheeses though, and was only put off for a moment.

The dominance of this smell faded within a few hours of the tin being open, and became detectable as something in the background of the aroma.

He dating and one of which holland has been for dating clay tobacco pipes dating of the smoking is the oldest known in dating. Meet hot guys, dedicated to suspect that he beat every contestant in england and its equivalents elsewhere is therefore important.

Charles Robin Ewen Abstract: There are currently three formula dating techniques available to archaeologists studying 17th and 18th century sites using imported English clay tobacco pipe stems based on Harrington’s histogram of time periods; Binford’s linear formula Hanson’s formulas and the Heighton and Deagan formula. Pipe stem bore diameter data were collected from 26 sites in Maryland Virginia North Carolina and South Carolina in order to test the accuracy and utility of the three formula dating methods.

Of the formulas the Heighton and Deagan proved to be the most accurate producing formula mean dates closest to the dates assigned to the sites using other dating techniques. It was also determined that all three formula dating methods work better in Maryland and Virginia than in North and South Carolina. Other aspects of pipe stem dating were explored in this paper including regional consumption patterns and the influences Dutch pipes have on formula dating.

These questions were addressed specifically on sites from the Chesapeake.

Silver Spigot Meerschaum

Emblems of Ireland -My Pipe of Irish Clay by Bridget Haggerty In these days of politically incorrect enjoyment of tobacco, this daughter of chain-smoking parents looks back to an era when “a cuppa tea and a fag” sustained stressed Irish emigrants living in war-torn London. Russ remembers a friend of his parents telling a story. Listening to the sound of the bombs overhead and watching the dust sifting down when a hit was close, she would watch the smokers. They sat quietly and puffed their pipes and cigarettes and she thought what a comfort that must be.

She wished then, that she smoked herself. Long before my parent’s time, there were the equally stressed residents of the old country.

A tobacco pipe, often called simply a pipe, is a device specifically made to smoke comprises a chamber (the bowl) for the tobacco from which a thin hollow stem (shank) emerges, ending in a mouthpiece (the bit). Pipes can range from very simple machine-made briar models to highly prized hand-made artisanal implements made by renowned pipemakers, which are often very expensive.

Pornonline webcam without sign up Dating clay smoking pipes coimbatoredating com In that year a clergyman named Hume, no relation to me, began an essay on the topic by saying that “very small pipes are found all over these islands, which are known in Ireland as Fairy pipes or Danes’ pipes. Conventional wisdom – at least that to be found in the pages of the Encyclopaedia Britannica – credits the introduction of the tobacco pipe to Europe to “Ralph Lane, first governor of Virginia, who in brought an Indian pipe to Sir Walter Raleigh and taught the courtier how to use it.

Pipes of clay were first smoked in England after the introduction of tobacco from Virginia in the late 16th Century. Interest in the history of the evolution of the clay pipe’s bowl, however, goes back a deal further and was the subject of scholarly interest as early as Clay pipes came back into fashion again in the 19th Century along with industrial revival and population growth.

By then Dutch, French and German designers as well as English were competing for attention in a huge world market where production was also elevated to a grand form of art. In other parts of Europe people were put to death for smoking, and yet during times of plague men, women and children were forced to smoke as it was thought to be a cure. The habit spread quickly across the country and by the mid 17th Century the manufacture of clay pipes was a well established trade.

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Why I Love Clay Pipes